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Pete Enns & The Bible for Normal People

when Vikings meet Jesus

The Bible for Normal People

Pete Enns, Ph.D.

Peter Enns (Ph.D., Harvard University) is Abram S. Clemens professor of biblical studies at Eastern University in St. Davids, Pennsylvania. He has written numerous books, including The Bible Tells Me So, The Sin of Certainty, and How the Bible Actually Works. Tweets at @peteenns.

In medieval Ireland a young scribe, Aidan, is living in an Irish monastery. He is chosen by the order to accompany some monks to Byzantium to present a gift to the Emperor.

The journey turns out to more than he bargained for. Along the way Aidan is captured and enslaved by Vikings, and his trek to Byzantium takes a long and distant detour, filled with adventures and a lot of spiritual growth on Aiden’s part.

This story is told by one of my favorite authors Stephen Lawhead in his novel Byzantium. Several of Lawhead’s novels center on the medieval world. I like him because he weaves together religious and secular themes in a way that forces one to look at the Christian faith outside of familiar language and trappings–which is what he does in this story about Aiden.

At the end of the book, Aidan is back safe and sound in his native land when a lookout sees the Sea Wolves (Vikings) approaching. The abbey is in a state of panic, scurrying about to hide the treasure. They send Aidan to meet them, hoping his familiarity with Viking ways and facility with their language would dissuade them from sacking their peaceful abbey.

As they come closer, Aidan recognizes one of the Vikings as his old friend Gunnar. Soon, he is reunited with those who first enslaved him and then came to be his close friends.

As it turns out, the Vikings have come to Aidan’s land not to plunder and pillage but to seek out their friend. Throughout their journeys together Aidan had opportunities to respond with Christian love to those who at first meant him only harm.

The Vikings come bearing a very expensive gift (a solid silver embossed book cover)—only it is no gift but a first installment of a trade agreement. They want to build “a church for the Christ” and they want Aidan, who introduced them to Christianity, to come back with them to oversee the project.

Since his journey’s end. however, Aidan’s struggles have brought him to a point of despair and unbelief, and he chides his visitors for trusting in a God who “cares nothing for us.”

Gunnar responds that it is their gods who “neither hear nor care.” What makes the Christian god different, Gunnar explains to Aiden, is that he came to live among the fisherfolk and was hung up on a tree to die.

“And I remember thinking,” says Gunnar, “this Hanging God is unlike any of the others; this god suffers, too, just like his people….Does Odin do this for those who worship him? Does Thor suffer with us?”

Gunnar, as an outsider, zeroes in on something distinctive about the Gospel: the Christian God is a “Hanging God,” who does not observe suffering from a distance but takes part in it.

A suffering God is a disorienting thought, if we let it sink in for a moment. It is also logically inexplicable. If true, however, it is, as Gunnar concluded, “good news.” In our darkest moments, we are not alone.

**This post is edited from a November 2012 post and taken originally from my Ecclesiastes commentary published earlier that same year.**

[Comments are moderated and I get to them as soon as I am able, but it can take as long as 24 hours depending on what’s on T.V. Badgering sorts of comments are immediately put out of their misery, though I will be sure to pray for your wretched and twisted souls.]

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